Danakil Depression – Hell on Earth
Danakil Depression is one of the remotest and lowest places in the world. It is a unique land formation within the Great Rift Valley system. Until today, this part of the earth is unstable pulling each other to the opposite side.
Erta Ale is particularly a unique Lave Crater Lake that erupts all the time. Erta Ale is the best place to study geology particularly the volcanic eruption, besides it has a great adventurous value.
Sof Omar – The Cave
If you had gone to the Bale Zone of the Oromia regional state, you would witness amazing complex of natural caves that leaves no doubt that the serenity, beauty and expanse of Sof Omar being wonder and amazement to anyone visiting here. It was named after a Muslim holy man who dwelt in the region; Sof Omar Cave is the longest cave in Ethiopia and is 15.1 Kilometers (9.4 miles) long. It is the largest system of caves in Africa, second longest in the world.
Through this magnificent and extensive underground cavern surges the Weyib River. Beginning in the rock highlands, this river flows through deep gorges and forested hillsides until gradually slowing and placidly flowing across the Dinsho plateau. There are approximately 42 entrances to the caves four of which are easiest to enter. The site has a religious history of thousands of years, which predates the arrival of the Muslims in Bale.
Apart from its marvelous natural structure and remarkable chamber of columns, Web River adds to the caves’ exquisiteness, dressing the place with sparkle and soothing, musical echo of water fall with vaulted chamber, flying buttresses, massive pillars and fluted archways, Sof Omar cave is site worth every minutes of the visit.
Many believed that Ethiopia is the birthplace of coffee (not South America, which some believe). The indigenous coffee trees (which some experts say, are the only native coffee trees in the world) first grew in ancient “Abyssinia,” which is now present day Ethiopia.
These trees blossomed in an area called “Kaffa” and the trees were called “Kafa,” which may as well be the root word for coffee. In the tenth century, coffee was considered as a food for the local residents.
These people gathered the coffee beans from the trees that grew in the region, ground them up and mixed them with animal fat, forming small balls that they carried as rations on trips. Other indigenous tribes of Ethiopia ate the beans as porridge or drank a wine created from the fermented crushed coffee beans.
By the 13th century, coffee’s restorative powers were well known in the Islamic world. Coffee was considered a potent medicine, as well as a religious potion that helped keep people wake during prayers. Pilgrims of Islam spread the coffee throughout the Middle East and by the end of the 15th century; coffeehouses had replaced mosques as favored meeting places. With the spread of Ethiopian from Africa, to the Middle East, India, Europe, and the Americas, make it one of the most popular bends of coffee in the world.
Blue Nile Falls
Known locally as Tis Isat – ‘Smoke of Fire’ the Blue Nile Falls is the most dramatic spectacle on either the Blue Nile Rivers. Four hundred meters (1,312 feet) wide when in flood, and dropping over a sheer chasm more than forty-five meters (150 Feet) deep the falls throw up a continuous spray of water, which drenches onlookers up to a kilometer away.
This misty deluge produces rainbows, shimmering across the gorge, and a small perennial rainforest of lush green vegetation, to the delight of the many monkeys and multicolored birds that inhabit the area.